2013 Call for Solutions
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Solutions to Inspire
Solutions to inspire
1970 Turtle Excluder Device (TED)
Turtle Excluder Device (TED) allows captured sea turtles to escape from a fisherman’s net—1970.
TEDs were first developed in the 1970s by a fisherman named Sinkey Boone, seeking to reduce his by-catch. His invention was called The Georgia Jumper. It is an original one of a kind design. Another style was patented on April 26, 1988 by inventor Noah J. Saunders of Biloxi, Mississippi. By decreasing the number of unwanted fish and creatures caught in their trawl nets, fishermen could trawl longer with the same net ideally catching more shrimp.
In 1987, the United States required all trawling shrimp boats to equip their nets with turtle excluder devices. As a follow-up two years after, the shrimp-turtle law was implemented. This required all countries exporting shrimp to the USA to certify that the shrimp they shipped were harvested by boats equipped with TEDs. Countries that can/could not guarantee the use of the escape devices are/were banned from exporting shrimp to the USA.
Even in United States use of TEDs is not universal. As of June 2010, the State of Louisiana prohibits its marine enforcement officers from enforcing TED and tow time limits.